Abbate, Janet. Inventing the Internet. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1999.

Abbate focuses mainly on the growth of the ARPAnet. She traces its origins and eventually addresses how the ARPAnet hooked up with other networks to create the Internet. She gives lip service to the arrival of the NSFnet and states how it led to the demise of the ARPAnet.

Cybergeography.com. "An Atlas of Cyberspace - Historical Maps." http://www.cybergeography.org/atlas/historical.html. Accessed Dec 2000.

This site claims to work to "map" cyberspace. The above link contains useful network maps from various points in Internet history.

Drake, William J., ed. The New Information Infrastructure. New York: The Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1995.

While I did not cite this book in my text, it contains a great deal of information about networks, commercialization, and public policy. Contents are papers given by scholars with recommendations for national policy directions.

Fisher, Sharon. "Access Providers: ANS Has Unfair Edge." Internet Week, Dec 23 1991.

This article reports the criticism by network service providers of NSF and ANS' decision to allow commerical traffic on the NSFnet backbone.

Fisher, Sharon. "Whither NREN?" Byte, July 1991.

This article examines the history of the NREN and commercial use of the then current Internet. It covers the different arguments for who should hold control over the networks.

Greenstein, Shane. "Invisible Hand versus Invisible Advisors." from Private Networks, Public Objectives, ed. Noam, Eli; Nishuilleabhain, Aine. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1996.

Greenstein examines the various costs and benefits of privatization of communication networks. He does so both in a short and long term analysis. The paper has an emphasis on the effects of diffuse market interests on the technological standards of the networks.

Gromov, Gregory R. "The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History." http://www.internetvalley.com/intvalold.html Accessed Dec 2000.

This nine part site offers a great deal of insight into the philosophy of both how and why the Internet was developed. One of the most interesting informational site layouts I've seen.

Halabi, Bassam. Internet Routing Architectures. Indianapolis: Cisco Press/New Riders Publishing, 1997.

This book is a general guide to internet routing for technology professionals. It contains a very useful introduction to the history of the Internet and Internet routing. It also explains routing in fairly basic terms, and later more technically.

Hardy, Henry Edward. "History of the Net." http://www.ocean.ic.net/ftp/doc/nethist.html Accessed Dec 2000.

This is a student's masters thesis on the development of the Internet. Includes a great depth of information on the side networks that came together to form the Internet.

Hauben, Michael. "History of ARPANET." http://www.dei.isep.ipp.pt/docs/arpa.html Accessed Dec 2000.

This paper not only traces the development of the ARPAnet, it also emphasises the effectiveness of the Request For Comments (RFC) in developing the networking technology of the Internet.

H'obbes' Zakon, Robert. "Hobbes' Internet Timeline v5.2." http://info.isoc.org/guest/zakon/Internet/History/HIT.html Accessed Dec 2000.
Alternate link, visitor suggestion.

This is one of the most complete timelines of the development of the Internet--from ARPAnet to today.

Ilacqua, Spike. "The First ISP." http://www.usenix.org/publications/login/1999-2/isp.html Accessed Dec 2000.

This is a short article on how the author helped to create the first commercial Internet Service Provider.

Killette, Kathleen. "Lawmakers Examine NSFnet, NREN." Internet Week, March 23 1992.

This short article reports the meeting of the House Science-Subcommittee to discuss the commercial fate of the NSFnet and the NREN.

Kroll, Ed. The Whole Internet. Sebastopol CA: O'Reilly & Associates, Inc, 1994.

This book is an excelent introduction to the Internet in general and how to use the technology. Its most useful aspect is an explanation of how the Internet works--in layman's terms.

Leiner; et.al. "A Brief History of the Internet." http://www.isoc.org/internet-history/brief.html Accessed Dec 2000.

This history of the Internet is more of a written oral history than a timeline. It is important because many of its contributors were important in the development of the Internet.

Messmer, Ellen. "NSF, ANS charged with Internet Abuse." Network World, Dec 23 1991.

This short article highlights the criticism that Performance Systems International (PSI) made of the NSF and ANS. The criticism stemmed from the ANS' use of the NSFnet backbone for commercial purposes.

Messmer, Ellen. "Users questuion new NSFnet usage policy." Network World, March 30 1992.

This article examines the debate of the NSF's redefining of the acceptable use policy and the criticism that was given from outside agencies.

Moschovitis, Christos J.P., et al. History of the Internet. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 1999.

This book is simply a timeline (quite literally) of the major events in the Internet's history.

NLANR, Measurement and Operations Analysis Team. "NSFNET." http://moat.nlanr.net/INFRA/NSFNET.html Accessed Dec 2000.

This site focuses on the development of the physical network of the NSFnet and of the technologies that made it possible.

Techweb.com. "TechEncyclopedia." http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia/ Accessed Dec 2000.

This is simply a searchable encyclopedia/dictionary of computer terms.

Till Johnson, Johna. "Network Analysis; the Internet Opens Up to Commercial Use." Data Communications, March 1993.

This article reports the reinterpretation of the NSF's acceptable use policy and examines how commercialism might change the Internet.

United States. Office of Technology Assessment. Critical Connections. Washington: US GPO, 1990.

This report by the OTA examines the effects of communication networks on society. It examines the effect that the technology might have on democracy, culture, and individuals and eventually makes policy reccomendations to congress.

United States. Office of Technology Assessment. Advanced Network Technology. Washington: US GPO, 1993.

This document examines the effect of the advancing technology of computer networks on society. Specificaly, it looks at how "advanced" networks might benefit both research and business.

United States. Cong. House of Representatives. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. National Information Infrastructure Act of 1993. 103d Cong., 1st sess. Washington: GPO, 1993.

This was the bill that created the NREN and ensured that the Internet would exist under some commercial influence.

United States. National Research Council. NRENAISSANCE Committee. Realizing the Information Future: The Internet and Beyond. Washington: National Academy Press, 1994.

The nap.edu website was not working when I attempted to access this book--I will annotate this next week.

Wilensky, Alan. "The First ISP." http://www.telekomnet.com/community_isp/first_isp.asp Accessed Dec 2000.

This article is an interview with the creator of the first Internet Service Provider, Barry Shein. It focuses on how he developed the service from a public desire that many did not realize existed.

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